Written by: Mourad – CorpsAfrica/Maroc Volunteer
Date: May 31, 2015
Hello everybody! I hope you all are doing great, it’s been awhile since my last post. This because I was extremely busy with CorpsAfrica In-service training as well as a visit to the national salon of agriculture in Méknes. I will be in touch with more lines about this! But for this post it is going to be different! I’m just going to display a set of bullet point about seasonal calendar’s activities in my village from wintertime to summertime. This calendar will give you a good understanding on how the villagers here spend their daily lives trying to cope with the hardship of weather and trying to survive in hard conditions.
Autum/Winter: (September, October, November, December)
- Women go every day to the Forest to bring wood
- (Takkat) is a traditional Moroccan oven made by mud it is used to prepare (Tannourt) special Bread in rural villages.
- Villagers go to the forest (Adrar) 4km from the village to bring (Ikchodn) Wood, and (Tasaft) plants to feed animals.
- Women milk the cow and make butter (Tamoudit) out of it by using (Takshult)
- Women bring water from other villages when the water is scarce or when pipes are blocked during winter.
- Women work indoors: cows, baby goats, sheep, free-range chickens, rabbits
- Women make carpets (Bouchrouit, Astta)
- 17 men and 6 Women are herd goats (daily activity)
- The weather is very cold, it’s rainy stormy and sometimes snowy during the winter
- Blocks in water pipes because of the icy snow, mud, or limestone that stuck inside.
- Flood of the river
- The road stops
- Villagers couldn’t go shopping in the local souk of Asni for weeks
- Children find difficulty to go to the school (15 minute walk to next village)
- Villagers cooperate to work on building a new road and bridge for truck and the van)
- Potato & Vegetable Tagine, Drinking Tea & askif (Soup) arkhsis (Creeps) Ibawn (Green Bean), Tilintit (Lentils), Loubia (White bean), Milk & Coffee and butter, (Tannour = Berber bread), rise, Goat meat, Barbecue.
- shopping in the souk of Asni every Saturday
- 70% of villagers (men) work on farming
- Villagers started working on the lands
- Planting (wheat and corn)
- Runner bean and peas (plenty)
- Approximately 30% Men Immigrate to the city to work in building or farmlands.
January, February (Winter/Spring)
- Moussem festival village is crowded a lot of people who immigrated to the city come back during this period to celebrate the festival with their families.
- Men from many villages working on the road every Sunday to connect the Azzaden Valley to the nearest town of Tassaouirgane
- Rainy, stormy, snowy, and very cold.
- Cutting the trees of: apple, plum, pear, Cherry,
- Plant, sowing, the land using donkeys or machines
- Planting vegetables: potato, onion
- Farmers use chemical products for land and trees to combat pests (Tilicht instinct)
- Trees lose their leaves (only twigs and branches)
- Almond trees grows white leaves (rare)
- Potato & Vegetable Tagine, Drinking Tea & askif (Soup) arkhsis (Creeps) Ibawn, tilintit (Lentils), loubia (White beans)
Mars, April, May (Spring)
- The grass grows women and men start collecting the grass and conserve it for wintertime (cattle)
- The start of fruit production (Cherries)
- Planting vegetables (2): Tomato carrot, fava bean, courgette, aubergine
- Coriander green pepper radish/turnip
- Watering and planting out new trees of (Walnut, apple, plum, pear)
- Big Red Apple begin to grow (Roum Apple)
- Harvesting (wheat and corn) (pretty rare)
Food: Tagine of vegetables
June, July, August: (Summer)
This year Ramadan coincided with the start of the summer. A lot of villagers come back to the village to fast during Ramadan with their families. They also come back because the weather is not too hot and they fasting is not that hard. During Ramadan villagers conduct their daily life in a normal way. They still go to the fields, watering, bringing forage for livestock and other activities I mentioned.
- Watering fields from 4 springs:
- Apples Walnut, plum, peach, cherry, Potato onion turnip (plenty)
- Carrot Courgette Tomato green pepper aubergine (scarce)
- runner bean, peas
Social & Economic
- Economy thrives villagers sell their agricultural products in the market.
- Families come to spend the summertime in the valley
- The weather is hot
- The period of Weddings
- Ahwach ceremonies with other villages
- Special dishes Couscous with Afounas
- Villagers eat a lot of fruits and they make juice out of apples and cherries.
- Tagine with different vegetables, Creeps, Tea, Tannourt, cake, milk, goat, barbecue, free range chicken,